On the occasion to commemorate 300th death anniversary of Shri Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj on 3rd April, 1980, the then Prime Minister of India, Smt Indira Gandhi, was invited by Maharashtra Government to preside over the function at Raigad Fort. As her helicopter landed, she saw a huge surge of humanity converging on the hill fort. She realized that the great leader's life was an ideal example for the young generation of Indians to emulate, as Shivaji was not just a great leader of men & women, but he was also someone who was brave, secular, immaculate in his personal behavior and who rose above the barriers of race and religion. This leader, who was much ahead of his time, built a fiercely nationalist society and stood up against the might of the huge mughal army and remained unconquered at a time when the rest of India had virtually surrendered to his might. His respect for women and elders was exemplary. His compassion for the deprived and poor was legendary. She instantly realised that Shivaji Maharaj was like a God for his people, and he continues to be so even 300 years after his death.
On her return to Delhi, she formed the Shri Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Memorial National Committee at Delhi. She was the chief patron of this organization and Late Giani Zail Singh, the then Home Minister of India, was the first president of this committee. Along with him, most members of the then cabinet also came together to form the Executive Committee of this organization.
Shri Vijay N Patil, a minister in Smt. Indira Gandhi's cabinet, was elected as the General Secretary of the society. Smt. Sumita Devi Dhanwate, a well known author and social worker from Maharashtra, was the other General Secretary of the society. Late Smt. Sumitra Raja Bhonsle, a descendant of Shivaji Maharaj was also a member of the society.
The society was formally registered as a non-profit society under society's act XXX of 1860 on 3rd Oct 1981 under the registration number - S/12051. As a result of this initiative, a large horse mounted statue of Shivaji was erected at Minto Bridge, New Delhi and even this bridge was later renamed after Shivaji Maharaj as Shivaji Bridge. Apart from this, a number of places were named after this great nationalist leader like, Shivaji Stadium, Shivaji Road, Shivaji Place, etc. in capital city.